Your blood pressure is the pressure within your blood vessels. Hypertension is a condition where the pressure within your arteries is consistently too high.
Hypertension or high blood pressure is a chronic medical condition in which the pressure or tension in the arteries is elevated
It is often called the "silent disease" as it has no symptoms and can go undetected for years, damaging your tissues and vital organs
If you have hypertension, your heart works harder than it should to pump blood to your tissues and organs
If this pressure isn't controlled, your heart enlarges and your arteries become scarred and hardened
Eventually, your overworked heart may not be able to pump and transport blood properly through these arteries
This can result in heart disease, kidney disease, the hardening of the arteries, eye damage, and stroke
Hypertension can be caused by a number of factors including your genes, underlying disease and lifestyle.
Dr Jacomien de Villiers is a qualified specialist physician. Ask a question
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